Working Scientifically

STANSW Scientific Investigation Awards

The Science Teachers’ Association of New South Wales is the professional body sponsoring the STANSW Scientific Investigation Awards, the major category awards in the Working Scientifically category. STANSW is offering 24 secondary awards in the disciplines of Biology, Chemistry, Earth & Environmental Science and Physics and 18 primary awards.


Every Young Scientist Scientific Investigation entry needs both a formal report and a logbook/portfolio. Both must be submitted electronically, using the upload function contained in the online registration system. It is important that students compress the size of photos and scanned images to reduce the file size of each document. Students may include other documents as well that are instrumental to their project such as data folders, videos and survey sheets.

It is best practice to start the whole investigation process by setting up a logbook and recording entries at regular intervals e.g. weekly, daily or maybe even hourly. The next major step should be the research plan. The research plan needs to be checked by a teacher and even an ethics committee if human subjects, animals or hazardous materials are involved. Only after the research plan has been approved can experimentation begin. During the course of the experimentation, the formal report should be started so students are not left with a major task at the end.


The formal report is the final polished write-up of the investigation encompassing all the different stages of the scientific method. There is no golden formula for the structure of a report but it should include all the sections that are listed in the Primary Scientific Investigation or the Secondary Scientific Investigation pages.

Make sure students include an inviting introduction and use a healthy mixture of text and images to enhance the presentation of the investigation.


All entries must have a logbook or a portfolio. This must be submitted electronically so students have three main choices of how they build up their logbook:

  1. Type up a short paragraph of what they have accomplished at regular intervals. At the end submit an electronic file
  2. Type everything up as they go and upload photos of any experimental set-up and results. At the end submit an electronic file
  3. Write down everything, including all raw data in an exercise book that is carried around with them. At the end of the project, scan the logbook and submit an electronic copy.

The second and third options are the preferred options. Judges like nothing better than hand-written data, that is scribed “live” as the experiment progresses. Many top-level projects scan all their hand-written sketches and raw data and paste that into an electronic file, typical of the second option.

A logbook is a diary of what has been done during the scientific investigation. As already mentioned, the logbook can be an exercise book especially designated for a project. It is here that a student makes rough notes, to-do-lists, draws up plans, record ideas and records all raw results. At the end of the investigation, the logbook is used to decide what should go into the final report.

Daily entries may contain drawings, illustrations, photographs, or diagrams. Very young entrants can ask an adult to scribe or annotate their logbook. They are not judged for spelling or grammar. Judges use the logbook to understand what students were thinking, what they were trying to achieve and how you went about it. It is best to include the date for every entry that is made and to include details such as phone calls made, letters and emails sent and discussions with parents or teachers.

Remember the best projects have the best logbooks – it is not an after-thought.


For each of the major categories, Young Scientist awards prizes to students from the following years of schooling:

  • Years K-2
  • Years 3-4
  • Years 5-6
  • Years 7-8
  • Years 9-10
  • Years 10-12

For 7-8, 9-10 and 11-12, prizes in the  STANSW Scientific Investigation category are split into the four major disciplines:

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Earth and Environmental Science.

It is important to note that the same rubric and judging criteria applies to each of these four disciplines. For instance, students entered into Chemistry will be judged primarily on their investigative skills and not necessarily on their chemistry knowledge and use of chemical formulae.


There are cash prizes for the best entries in each of the age sections at state level.

Each student is awarded a certificate based on their level of attainment of specified criteria given in the scoring rubric for their age and category:

High Distinction Certificate  for every student who achieves a level 5 against the rubric.

Distinction Certificate for every student who achieves a level 4 against the rubric.

Credit Certificate for every student who achieves a level 3 against the rubric.

Certificate of Commendation for other state-level finalists.

Certificates of Participation for every student entry at school level.

The best entry in each age and category will be one that meets the criteria at the highest level.


For all age levels  there is a sub-category for Scientific Investigation, called STANSW Scientific Investigation – Survey.

Survey 2
Astronomical Surveys

This caters for the increasing number of projects that are primarily surveys, e.g. astronomical surveys, field surveys, geological surveys and statistical surveys. These projects involve the gathering of data in a specific area using a range of sampling techniques to locate and classify features of interest and identify variants. Surveys usually involve a statistical analysis of trends and relationships in the data collected. Unlike standard scientific investigations, surveys do not need a hypothesis as they are not concerned with relationships between variables that need testing. Some of the judging criteria for surveys are different from the standard scientific investigation.

Survey 3
Geological Survey
Survey 1
Field Survey

STANSW Scientific Investigation – Survey has its own modified rubric for each age level. It will still be judged as part of the STANSW Scientific Investigation category.

The Benefits of Working Scientifically?

Active engagement in the processes of Working Scientifically increases a student’s appreciation and understanding of Science.

“Through applying the processes of Working Scientifically, students use scientific inquiry to develop their understanding of science ideas and concepts, as well as the importance of scientific evidence. They demonstrate honesty, ethical principles and respect for differing viewpoints on scientific issues. By engaging in scientific inquiry, students develop a deeper appreciation of the unique nature and development of science as an evolving body of knowledge, of the provisional nature of scientific explanations and of the complex relationship between evidence and ideas. Providing opportunities for students to continue to strengthen these scientific capabilities, helps them further develop as scientifically literate citizens.”     Year 7-10 Rationale excerpt from Science K–10 (incorporating Science and Technology K–6) Syllabus

The Processes of Working Scientifically

The Working Scientifically processes in the Science K10 (incorporating Science and Technology K6) Syllabus are:

  • questioning and predicting
  • planning investigations
  • conducting investigations
  • processing and analysing data and information
  • problem-solving
  • communicating

These processes are at the centre of learning and teaching in Science. It is the level of coverage of these processes that determines the quality of an open-ended investigation submitted into the Working Scientifically category. For further guidance, visit the Primary Scientific Investigation page or the Secondary Scientific Investigation page where these processes are broken down and explained further.